What Is A Vitreous Hemorrhage?
The vitreous gel occupies approximately 2/3 of the total volume of the eye. Furthermore, it is a semisolid or liquid clear substance that fills the space between the lens in the front of the eye and the retina lining the back of the eye. Additionally, there are normally no blood vessels within the vitreous gel. Abnormal blood vessels can grow into the vitreous gel in a variety of eye diseases, most commonly diabetic retinopathy. There are, of course, many blood vessels surrounding the vitreous gel. A vitreous hemorrhage occurs when a blood vessel ruptures and bleeds within or near the vitreous cavity.
Vitreous Hemorrhage Symptoms
The initial symptoms of a vitreous hemorrhage are floaters and cloudy vision. Floaters we associate with bleeding, patients describe as lines, spider webs, or many dark dots. If the vitreous hemorrhage is very significant, there could be a major loss of vision. Whenever there has been a sudden onset of floaters or visual loss, a prompt, careful retinal examination is necessary both to diagnose the underlying cause of the vitreous bleeding and to determine if you require any specific therapy.
Diagnosing Vitreous Hemorrhage At Vitreo Retinal Surgery
Our doctors at VitreoRetinal Surgery, PA in Minneapolis, MN will examine the patient’s eyes as well as review their medical history to determine the cause of the hemorrhage. We will recommend the appropriate treatment. To confirm the diagnosis, a series of diagnostic tests may be performed such as:
- Dilated eye examination
- Indirect ophthalmoscopy
- Slit-lamp examination
What Causes Vitreous Hemorrhage?
There are many possible causes of vitreous hemorrhage, including systemic diseases such as:
- Diabetes mellitus
- Sickle cell anemia
Also, with aging the vitreous gel liquefies and separates from the retina, creating a posterior vitreous detachment. Bleeding can sometimes be associated when this occurs. Other causes of vitreous hemorrhage include ocular trauma, retinal tears or detachment, retinal vein occlusion, other vascular abnormalities, tumors, and rarely wet macular degeneration.
Our Treatment Options For Vitreous Hemorrhage