What is a Vitreous Hemorrhage?
The vitreous gel occupies approximately 2/3 of the total volume of the eye. It is a semisolid or liquid clear substance that fills the space between the lens in the front of the eye and the retina lining the back of the eye. There are normally no blood vessels within the vitreous gel. Abnormal blood vessels can grow into the vitreous gel in a variety of eye diseases, most commonly diabetic retinopathy. There are, of course, many blood vessels surrounding the vitreous gel. A vitreous hemorrhage occurs when a blood vessel ruptures and bleeds within or near the vitreous cavity.
The initial symptoms of a vitreous hemorrhage are floaters and cloudy vision. Floaters associated with bleeding are described as lines, spider webs, or many dark dots. If the vitreous hemorrhage is very significant, there could be a major loss of vision. Whenever there has been a sudden onset of floaters or visual loss, a prompt, careful retinal examination is necessary both to diagnose the underlying cause of the vitreous bleeding and to determine if any specific therapy is required.
Vitreous Hemorrhage Causes
There are many possible causes of vitreous hemorrhage, including systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus or sickle cell anemia. Also, with aging the vitreous gel liquefies and separates from the retina, creating a posterior vitreous detachment. Bleeding can sometimes be associated when this occurs. Other causes of vitreous hemorrhage include ocular trauma, retinal tears or detachment, retinal vein occlusion, other vascular abnormalities, tumors, and rarely wet macular degeneration.
Vitreous Hemorrhage Treatment
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If you are interested in learning more about Vitreous Hemorrhage, please call (800) VRS-2500 to schedule a consultation. We have locations in Minneapolis, St. Paul, Blaine, Edina, Oakdale, Plymouth, St. Cloud and Duluth.